Martin Luther King, Jr., (January 15, 1929-April 4, 1968) was born Michael Luther King, Jr., but later had his name changed to Martin. His grandfather began the family's long tenure as pastors of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, serving from 1914 to 1931; his father has served from then until the present, and from 1960 until his death Martin Luther acted as co-pastor. Martin Luther attended segregated public schools in Georgia, graduating from high school at the age of fifteen; he received the B. A. degree in 1948 from Morehouse College, a distinguished Negro institution of Atlanta from which both his father and grandfather had graduated. After three years of theological study at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania where he was elected president of a predominantly white senior class, he was awarded the B.D. in 1951. With a fellowship won at Crozer, he enrolled in graduate studies at Boston University, completing his residence for the doctorate in 1953 and receiving the degree in 1955. In Boston he met and married Coretta Scott, a young woman of uncommon intellectual and artistic attainments. Two sons and two daughters were born into the family.

In 1954, Martin Luther King accepted the pastorale of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. Always a strong worker for civil rights for members of his race, King was, by this time, a member of the executive committee of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the leading organization of its kind in the nation. He was ready, then, early in December, 1955, to accept the leadership of the first great Negro nonviolent demonstration of contemporary times in the United States, the bus boycott described by Gunnar Jahn in his presentation speech in honor of the laureate. The boycott lasted 382 days. On December 21, 1956, after the Supreme Court of the United States had declared unconstitutional the laws requiring segregation on buses, Negroes and whites rode the buses as equals. During these days of boycott, King was arrested, his home was bombed, he was subjected to personal abuse, but at the same time he emerged as a Negro leader of the first rank.

In 1957 he was elected president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization formed to provide new leadership for the now burgeoning civil rights movement. The ideals for this organization he took from Christianity; its operational techniques from Gandhi. In the eleven-year period between 1957 and 1968, King traveled over six million miles and spoke over twenty-five hundred times, appearing wherever there was injustice, protest, and action; and meanwhile he wrote five books as well as numerous articles. In these years, he led a massive protest in Birmingham, Alabama, that caught the attention of the entire world, providing what he called a coalition of conscience. and inspiring his "Letter from a Birmingham Jail", a manifesto of the Negro revolution; he planned the drives in Alabama for the registration of Negroes as voters; he directed the peaceful march on Washington, D.C., of 250,000 people to whom he delivered his address, "l Have a Dream", he conferred with President John F. Kennedy and campaigned for President Lyndon B. Johnson; he was arrested upwards of twenty times and assaulted at least four times; he was awarded five honorary degrees; was named Man of the Year by Time magazine in 1963; and became not only the symbolic leader of American blacks but also a world figure.

At the age of thirty-five, Martin Luther King, Jr., was the youngest man to have received the Nobel Peace Prize. When notified of his selection, he announced that he would turn over the prize money of $54,123 to the furtherance of the civil rights movement.

On the evening of April 4, 1968, while standing on the balcony of his motel room in Memphis, Tennessee, where he was to lead a protest march in sympathy with striking garbage workers of that city, he was assassinated.

http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1964/king-bio.html

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Although I witnessed much of his life, it is hard now to realize just how young he was when he lived and died. . . . not even 40 years old! I did march in his funeral, and I did know his family through my father. His son was a student when I was a librarian at Georgia College (now Georgia University). I attended the first integrated meeting at the Hyatt Regency Hotel in Atlanta in 1964 with my father and sisters where MLK Jr. spoke and Aretha Franklin sang. It was quite an era, and I must admit, somewhat shame facedly, that I have been more hopeful in the past week than I have been at any time since then. Lord, bless Obama. Lord, save us all.
Thank you Jim, we are honored to have you here!

Wishing you peace in this new dawn of hope,

Gordon
Although I am white, I praise Dr. King for what he did and I do agree that he lived a short life. You also have to think that he must have known that he was putting himself in danger every single time he appeared publicly. Not to insult this group but Dr. King is not the only man that did good. I think that a group known as the Black Panthers did a lot of good just like Dr. King! To get more information on the, visit the Black Panthers foundation web site

Peace to all :)



Thank you Gordon for creating this group, and sharing a simple biography for many of us to remember the importance of people that have made what was needed in the right moment as Martin Luther King did it in his own time, that now is a culmination of his work to bring to the most challenging position of the world a person like Obama to conclude one cycle and star a new one; the one where all of us have to commit from every place in the world to be PEACE in ourselves in order to end violence in every form, specially the one of making money from killing people, the production of weapons, and the one of not understanding that every one of us is here to make a change by helping produce work, solutions, a life of dignity for the ones that are still in a place of abandonment and neglect. May Gandhi and M.L.King be our inspiration to make the changes without violence and respect for our spiritual self that is the one that guide us to make the changes for the Highest Good for all!
The great man...King of peace...

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