The path of Forgiveness

Man , by nature , is fallible...in spite of this fact , he should rack himself not to commit sins , Sins are jeopardy; it turns the heart into a dark place where it could be a fertile soil for evils to grow. God , the Most Merciful , would accept man's repentence whatever it could be .

The Holy Quran presents solution to the human problem . In fact , God, the creator of man, knows best man's points of weakness . God says in the Holy Quran what means " Verily We have created man into toil and struggle " and Also God says what means "It was We Who created man, and We know what dark suggestions his soul makes to him: for We are nearer to him than (his) jugular vein. " " The Holy Quranic text presents prescriptions of treatment to the maladies of the human self during its long journey through the ordeals of life. In every phrase, in every word, there is a meaning, an understanding, a permission, a recommendation, a prohibition, or an ordinance of injunction that governs and controls human life to its maximum proficiency. The suppression of anger, and restoring calm forgiveness; repentance, and the provision of goodness, purity from sin and the adherence to moral values, are all fundamental elemental teachings of Islamic doctrines. The cultural education of the Muslim should constitute such criteria to be instituted in the mental faculty of the Muslim to become an integral part of his cognitive thought, a substrate of understanding. This prepares the Muslim for the true victory over his very self, the ego, the differences, the greed, the lust, the selfishness, and the autocentrism. Human felicity demands righteousness, piety, and the exact implementation of Divine injunctions, and the adherent observance of the maxims of the Holy Revelation.

The search for forgiveness, and the strict pursuit of attaining Divine pardon are crucially significant and indispensable . As man is not infallible by nature, Every Muslim is urged to gain such forgiveness in order to page his way to a life of felicity, and the garden of paradise in the life to come , and to attain God's pleasure . The promotion of the quest for forgiveness is precisely stated in several verses of the Holy Quran. The verse presented in this text is counted as one of the more prominent in this sphere of understanding. God says what means "Hasten towards forgiveness from your Lord, and for a garden whose width is that of Heavens and Earth, prepared for the righteous. Those who spend in prosperity and in adversity; those who restrain anger, and pardon people; Allah loves those who are benevolent. And those who committed sin or injustice to themselves, earnestly remember Allah, and ask forgiveness, for who forgives sins except Allah; and do not persist in the wrong knowingly they have done (Surat A1-Imran, III, verses 133-135).

These Quranic verses portray the prompt performance of obedience in feeling and in action; a competitive race to reach for the ultimate reward of Divine Forgiveness, the most exalted reward mankindcan attain. This forgiveness is further surpassed by gaining paradise which is infinite in width. In other words, the spiritual felicity of mankind encompasses the width of all creation. The righteous are those who deserve, those who are the gold medalists of the competitive race on the enduring path of beseeching forgiveness. Such achievement is attained by persevering faithful self-control, observance, uniform permanence, and firm adherence to Divine injunction . The motivated inspiration evident in the Holy Text of the verse induces the rational mind to exercise judgment and appraisal of human actions and conduct during the brief discourse of life. Those who practice such optimization in life are the righteous, the virtuous, the just, the honest, the ethical, the scrupulously candid and conscientious. Above all that they beseech forgiveness from the Creator, because mankind is always fallible and imperfect.

The Quranic Text continues to define the qualifications of those who ask forgiveness in order to rank with the righteous, and who are promised the gardens of paradise. The requirement to excel in these qualifications is persevering firm constancy of action. The first qualification of the righteous are those who spend freely in benevolence from their own substance, both in adversity and prosperity.

Wealth is fundamentally an absolute ownership of the Divine Entity, and through Divine Grace and Providence, wealth is endowed to mankind in amounts according to Divine Will and Design. Therefore, mankind becomes assigned the office of being in charge of that wealth to manipulate its promotion or expenditure according to Divine ordinances. One of the most salient features of these ordinances is spending in channels of charity, philanthropy, altruism, humanitarianism, and goodwill of welfare. This free spending in adversity and prosperity is a voluntary action on the part of the individual. This is very different to the "Zakat" which is an obligatory legislated doctrine justified as incumbent on every Muslim reaching a certain threshold of wealth; it is also optimized in quantity, periodicity, and the type of recipient that qualifies as the target to receive the "Zakat". The qualification of the righteous, as indicated by the Quranic verse, are those who spend freely, voluntary in prosperity and adversity, comprehensively in full awareness that wealth is an absolute ownership of the Divine Entity, and that man is assigned the charge of that wealth. In reality, nothing belongs to man, it is only a responsibility of charge, of obedience and understanding.

Another qualification of the righteous is the effort to dominate and restrain anger. This is an integral part of self discipline and piety. Since anger is a human emotion associated with sequential development of biological agitation and disturbances of body functions, the antidote for such bursts of anger is the serene calmness induced by piety. This maintains within the individual a status of tranquil calmness to restrain the heat of anger. The self induced and developed spiritual potential expands to distant horizons of inward light that extends wider than the limited confines of the self and the impulses of the body. And yet, the constraint of anger are only the initial stage; and the holy verse proceeds to indicate that the restrain of anger must be followed by eminent tolerance, magnanimity, pardon and consonance. This is the correct sequence when anger is restrained by calmness of the self. If no genuine magnanimity follows the restrain of anger, the heat of anger will proliferate inside the human self to develop into malignant hatred. Anger when restrained blemishes the soul, tightens the heart, and clouds the conscious. When the heat of anger is neutralized by pardon, tolerance, and magnanimity; the human body, heart, and soul will function within a milieu of light and through the serenity of the tranquil self. The holy verse continues to indicate that Allah loves the benevolent, those that spend freely, and those that condone; pardon, and forgive in magnanimity the wrong of others; the most supreme way of giving. The feeling of love in this respect is reciprocal, to become of a higher binding quality between the human elements, and between them and Allah. Another qualification of the righteous is further indicated by the Quranic verse. They are those who confess their sins or injustice and ask forgiveness without persisting in the wrong; knowing of their injustice, and confident that only Allah forgives sins. Righteousness is one of the highest orders of the qualities of the faithful; nevertheless, they include those who have committed sin, confessed it, repented, asked forgiveness from Allah, and reside in obedience to the arena of faith, within the sphere of Divine forgiveness. To err is human, and to forgive is divine. The path of repentance is always wide open, never narrowing and never closed. One requirement is necessary, that the heart remains with faith, the soul retains the connection with the Divine milieu, and the thought is confident of Divine forgiveness. These seeds of true belief will germinate to provide the green light of hope. This is how the Quranic verse teaches humanity that Islam accepts the human faults, and paves the path for their rectification. It does not acclaim human faults, however, it provides the process by which mankind can achieve restitution and redemption on the path of Divine forgiveness. The righteous individual falling into sin or error, does not lament or lose hope, he repents and asks for forgiveness with faith that such divine forgiveness will be granted. In the text of the Holy Quran, there are complete verses in request of forgiveness. The forgiveness of Allah is thorough with complete remission of sin. Other synonymous attributes that appear in the Holy Quran are The Exonerating, The Oft-Pardoning. The Remitter and the Oft-Forgiving.

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Comment by Claudia on October 26, 2009 at 11:03pm
Thank you Ali, that is very extensive search you have been doing there, thank you for taking the time. I like that there is so much dignity in those verses about being just and fair and forgiving to others. It amazes me the same way it amazes be about the Christians and the Jews that there is still so much hatred in this world. If we would all really follow those words, as we ought to, this world would be a wonderful place. Thanks again and see you at your wonderful network (the truth).
Comment by Ali Afifi on October 25, 2009 at 2:35am
I understood your question but I wanted to answer u on my site but as regard u need it here, I will answer u as much as I can.

God says in the Holy Quran what means "Say ye: we believe in God, and the revelation given to us, and to Abraham, Ismail, Isaac, Jacob, and the tribes, and that given to Moses and Jesus, and that given to (all) prophets from their Lord: we make no difference between one and another of them: and we bow to God (in Islam)."

We understand from these Holy verses that :
A Muslim can't be a true believer unless he believed in all the prophets and their Holy Books and his belief is not complete if he doesn't believe in them.

All the verses of Torah and Bible that are coincident with Quran verses, we consider them are also verses for us because we know exactly that these verses are from the God and God does not contradict himself.

And let not the hatred of others make you avoid justice. Be just: that is nearer to piety.... (Quran, 5:8)

The Prophet Muhammad said: {People, beware of injustice, for injustice shall be darkness on the Day of Judgment.

God does not forbid you from showing kindness and dealing justly with those who have not fought you about religion and have not driven you out of your homes. God loves just dealers. (Quran, 60:8)

Prophet Muhammad forbade harming non-Muslims and asked Muslims to treat them well. He once said, He who harms a Jew or a Christian will find me his opponent on the Day of Judgment.

Prophet Mohumed says " Whoever kills a person who has a truce with the Muslims will never smell the fragrance of Paradise." (Saheeh Muslim)

And also says "Beware! Whoever is cruel and hard on a non-Muslim minority, or curtails their rights, or burdens them with more than they can bear, or takes anything from them against their free will; I (Prophet Muhammad) will complain against the person on the Day of Judgment." (Abu Dawud)

[Behold, We have revealed to you (O Muhammad) as We revealed to Noah and all the prophets after him] (Al-Nisaa’ 4:163).
The Qur’an confirms God’s revelation to previous prophets that [If anyone slays a human being, unless it be (punishment) for murder, or for spreading mischief on earth, it shall be as though he had slain all humankind; whereas, if anyone saves a life, it shall be as though he had saved the lives of all humankind] (Al-Ma’idah 5:32).

[Indeed, We (God) have conferred dignity on the children of Adam] (Al-Israa’ 17:70). It is noted that this verse is inclusive of all humans, irrespective of their religion or even their belief in God.

[O you who believe! Stand out for justice, as witnesses to Allah, and even as against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, and whether it be (against) rich or poor.] (An-Nisaa’ 4:134)

[O you who believe! Stand out firmly for Allah, as witnesses to fair dealing, and let not the hatred of others to you make you swerve to wrong and depart from justice. Be just: that is next to piety and fear Allah, for Allah is well acquainted with all that you do.] (Al-Ma’idah 5:8)
[O humankind! We (Allah) have created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female and have made you into nations and tribes, so that you may come to know one another. Verily, the most honored of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous (or Allah-conscious) of you. Surely, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware.] (Al-Hujurat 49:13)

Lastly, I collected the verses of forgiveness in Quran and found them about 73 verses and I chose this one to u
(13) Say (O Muhammad SAW) to the believers to forgive those who (harm them and) hope not for the Days of Allâh (i.e. His Recompense), that He may recompense people according to what they have earned (i.e. to punish these disbelievers, who harm the believers).[] (14) Whosoever does a good deed, it is for his ownself, and whosoever does evil, it is against (his ownself). Then to your Lord you will be made to return. (15) (45-Al-Jathiya)
Comment by Claudia on October 24, 2009 at 10:50pm
We know about God's ability to forgive and to punish. According to the Qur'an what should OUR reaction be to other peoples "bad" actions, feelings etc.?
Comment by Claudia on October 24, 2009 at 10:47pm
Thank you Ali, no apology needed, would have expected nothing less than the solution to be coming from the source itself of course. Correct me if I am wrong assuming that all religion hold devotion to God (following His commandments) and compassion for fellow beings as the solution. I may not have phrased my question clear enough. Let me rephrase it....
Comment by Ali Afifi on October 23, 2009 at 3:31pm
Apologize me, if I say that the only solution is in the original instructions of the religion that came from the God.
Every one of these diseases (fear, anger, Jealousy, envy and many others) has a solution in Islam, original Christianity and Judaism but the people are away from the religions and seek a solution away from the God and they will fail as regard there is a solution with the God`s instructions.
Comment by Claudia on October 23, 2009 at 3:51am
Thank you for that explanation. So what would be the correct reaction faced with those feelings? Should we have compassion with someone who expresses them without hurt? Because if we react hurtful or harsh wouldn't we be committing a sin?
Comment by Ali Afifi on October 23, 2009 at 3:06am
Jealousy is to hope to be like and this distinguishes it from envy.
Comment by Ali Afifi on October 23, 2009 at 3:02am
Fear, anger, Jealousy are not sins except if they led to other sins when not controlled (anger if not controlled may lead to killing, slapping, injuring some one which will be a sin)

Envy is a major sin because envy means that I wish the demise of grace away from this man/woman or that I hope to be in his place no matter what will happen to him/her.

Envy burns who envy and we can say two Surats from the Quran which prevent the envy.
Comment by Claudia on October 23, 2009 at 2:43am
Are feelings like anger, fear, jealousy and envy a sin or which feelings are a sin according to the qur'an? And how should someone react if someone else expresses those?

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