The Geneva Initiative

The Geneva Initiative (GI) is a joint Israeli-Palestinian effort that suggests a detailed model for a peace agreement to end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Members: 17
Latest Activity: Apr 17, 2011

Summary of the Geneva Initiative

The Geneva Initiative was concluded on the basis of the Middle East peace process, which began in Madrid in October 1991, the Declaration of Principles signed on September 13, 1993, the subsequent agreements as well as the permanent status negotiations, including the Camp David summit of July 2000, the Clinton Parameters declared in December 2000, and the Taba Negotiations of January 2001.

The two sides reiterate through this agreement their commitment to UN Security Council Resolutions 242, 338 and 1397 and confirm their understanding that this agreement is based on and will lead to the full implementation of these resolutions and will lead to the settlement of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in all its aspects.

The two sides reaffirm that this agreement constitutes the realization of President George W. Bush’s vision laid out in his June 24, 2002 speech, and phase III of the "Road Map" put together by the Quartet.

The two sides further declare that this agreement marks a historic reconciliation between Palestinians and Israelis and paves the way to reconciliation between the Arab world and Israel in accordance with the Arab Peace Initiative adopted by the Arab Summit meeting in Beirut on March 28, 2002, which aims at forging peace that contributes to securing stability, security, development and prosperity in the entire region.

The agreement recognizes the right of the Jewish and Palestinian peoples to statehood, without infringing upon the equal rights of all citizens of the two states.

The agreement ends the era of conflict and marks a new era based on peace, cooperation and neighborly relations between the two states. Furthermore, its implementation will lead to a settlement of all claims of both parties arising from events prior to its signing.

Implementation Mechanisms

The two sides will set up a Palestinian-Israeli High Steering Committee on a ministerial level that guides, monitors and facilitates the implementation of this agreement on a bilateral level.

An international "Implementation and Verification Group" shall be established to facilitate, monitor and ensure the implementation of this agreement and to resolve disputes related to its execution. This group shall include the parties that comprise the Quartet as well as other parties, both regional and international to be agreed on by the two parties. This group shall work in coordination with the Palestinian-Israeli High Steering Committee and shall establish a dispute settlement mechanism comprising binding international arbitration.


In accordance with UN Resolutions 242 and 338, the border between the states of Palestine and Israel shall be based on the June 4, 1967 lines, with reciprocal modifications on a one to one basis as shown in the attached map. Moreover, the percentage of land exchange shall not exceed 2.3% of the West Bank area.

Both parties will respect and recognize each other’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, as well as the inviolability of each other’s territory, including territorial waters and airspace. Based on that, Israel shall withdraw to the border lines stipulated above, and the state of Palestine shall take over responsibility for these areas.


The state of Israel shall be responsible for resettling the Israelis living on sovereign Palestinian territory outside this territory and this resettlement process will end in accordance with a timetable that does not exceed 30 months. Moreover, Israel shall keep intact all evacuated settlements and the State of Palestine shall have exclusive title to all land, buildings, facilities, infrastructure or other property remaining in any of the settlements.

The Corridor between the West Bank and the Gaza Strip

The States of Palestine and Israel shall establish a corridor linking the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. This corridor shall be under Israeli sovereignty but under full Palestinian administration. It will be permanently open and Palestinian law shall apply to the persons using and procedures pertaining to this corridor. Moreover, the corridor may include the necessary infrastructural facilities linking the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.


Israel and Palestine shall work together with their neighbors and the international community to build a secure and stable Middle East, free from weapons of mass destruction in the context of a comprehensive, lasting, and stable peace, characterized by reconciliation, goodwill and the renunciation of the use of force. To this end, the two parties shall work together to establish a regional security regime.

The parties reject violence and terrorism and refrain from any actions or policies that are liable to nurture extremism and create conditions conducive to terrorism. The parties shall take joint efforts as well as unilateral comprehensive and continuous efforts against all aspects of violence and terrorism. A trilateral security committee, composed of the two parties and the United States of America, will be set up to ensure the implementation of this Article.

Israel shall withdraw its military and security personnel and all equipment, including landmines and all military installations from the territory of the state of Palestine. The process of withdrawal will commence in stages immediately as the agreement comes into force, and ends within 30 months of that date.

The state of Palestine shall be non-militarized. A multinational force will be deployed to protect the territorial integrity of the state of Palestine and to monitor the implementation of the security provisions of the agreement.

The international territorial, maritime and air border crossings for the state of Palestine shall be subject to the monitoring of joint groups comprising the Palestinian Security Force and the Multi-National Force to prevent the entry of weapons or any materials into Palestine that are in contravention of the provisions of this agreement.

Israel may maintain an unseen presence in passenger and cargo terminals within the period of withdrawal (i.e. thirty months) in facilities staffed by members of the multi-national force and Israelis, utilizing appropriate technology.

Israel may maintain two early warning stations that can be removed by the decision of either party after 15 years. The Palestinian airspace will fall under Palestinian sovereignty and the civil aviation will be subject to international law. Israel will be entitled to use Palestinian sovereign airspace for training purposes within limits under the supervision of the international force.


The parties recognize the universal historic, religious, spiritual and cultural significance of Jerusalem and its holiness enshrined in Judaism, Christianity and Islam, and shall establish an inter-faith body consisting of representatives of the three monotheistic faiths to act as a consultative body to both parties on matters related to the religious significance of the city and the promotion of inter-faith understanding and dialogue.

Each party shall have its own capital in the areas of the city that are under its sovereignty. Each party shall recognize the other party’s capital. A border shall be established between the two parts of the city, similar to the rest of the Palestinian and Israeli territories, with special arrangements for cemeteries in both parts.

The Old City, al-Haram al-Sharif inclusive, shall remain under Palestinian sovereignty, with the exception of the Jewish quarter and the Wailing Wall, which shall be under Israeli sovereignty. The Old City shall be "open" for free movement inside it. The State of Palestine shall be responsible for maintaining security, and shall prevent digging and excavation in al-Haram al-Sharif. An international presence with the participation of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) shall be set up to monitor this Palestinian commitment.


The United Nations General Assembly Resolution 194, UN Security Council Resolution 242 and the Arab Peace Initiative concerning the rights of the Palestinian Refugees, shall constitute the basis for resolving the issue of refugees and the realization of their rights.

An International Commission shall be established to implement the article concerning the refugees. Palestinian refugees shall be entitled to express their choice of their permanent place of residence on the basis of free and informed decision in accordance with the following options: the State of Palestine, the areas that will be transferred to the State of Palestine within the context of land swap, third countries, the present Host Countries, or Israel.

Israel shall accept a number of refugees that will be calculated on the basis of the average accepted by third countries. The implementation of the Israel Option shall be at the Israeli sovereign discretion.

Refugees shall be entitled to compensation for their refugeehood and for loss of their property. This entitlement shall not prejudice or be prejudiced by the refugees' permanent place of residence.

Host countries of refugees shall also be entitled to remuneration.

Refugees shall be compensated for the loss of property resulting from their displacement, and Israel shall commit itself to paying all compensation arising therefrom.

Palestinian prisoners and detainees

In the context of this permanent status agreement between Israel and Palestine, the end of conflict, and the cessation of all forms of violence, all Palestinians and Arabs imprisoned and detained in the framework of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict prior to the date of the signature of this agreement, shall be released within a time limit of thirty months.

Discussion Forum


Started by David Califa. Last reply by myron joshua Jan 31, 2009. 1 Reply

Comment Wall


You need to be a member of The Geneva Initiative to add comments!

Comment by Clicia Pavan on April 17, 2011 at 2:27am
São braços,para abraços
São laços,desatados
São mudanças,acertadas
Humanidade,com humildade
Ação Global
para um mundo mais justo e igual
Clicia Pavan
Arms are for hugging
Are ties,untied
These changes, agreed
Global Action
for a more just and equal
Clicia Pavan
Los brazos son para abrazar
Son lazos,no condicionada
Estos cambios,acordó
Pensamientos y unificada
La humanidad, la humildad
Acción Mundial
para una sociedad más justa e igualitaria
Clicia Pavan
Comment by Clicia Pavan on July 28, 2009 at 3:52pm

Ipeace Come be part of group--- Let's help these brothers who are seeking peace, union makes a difference I am Muslim! I am Hindu! And I'm Jewish! I am Christian! "Mahatma Gandhi
"There is no path to peace, peace is the way"
The world today has to learn to live with differences --- Respecting the right of the next
Vamos Ipeace ser parte del grupo ---
Vamos a ayudar a estos hermanos que buscan la paz, la unión hace la diferencia
Soy musulmán! Estoy hindúes! Y estoy judío! Soy cristiano! "Mahatma Gandhi
"No hay camino hacia la paz, la paz es el camino"
El mundo de hoy tiene que aprender a vivir con diferencias --- Respetar el derecho de la próxima
Comment by myron joshua on February 26, 2009 at 7:19am
I must add a note to my comment below which may have given a false impression about freedom of movement in Israel.

Palestinian vehicles (cars with Palestinian Authority license plates) are not allowed through the checkpoints in "green line" Israel. Palestinians move across the border in cars with Israeli plates. Palestinians who have a Jerusalem residency (even though they may live in other towns or villages) have cars with Israeli plates.
Comment by myron joshua on February 25, 2009 at 9:03am
You write:
Furthermore, there also needs to be guarantee of full equality of rights of all residents in Israel, so no more barriers to Palestinians using certain roads, hospitals, schools, owning land or whatever.

All barriers to using certain roads are in areas what will be part of the Palestinian State. They have nothing to do with travel limits in Israel itself. Israeli Palestinians/Arabs have no "special roads" or limits to using any roads in Israel. They, unlike Israeli Jews can travel between Israel and the area of the Palestinian Authority (the major urban areas such as Hebron, Nablus, Bethlehem, etc)

No mention is made of total freedom to move within each state, apart from the reference in the context of Jerusalem. Does this mean that there could still be checkpoints with Palestinians waiting in long queues?

Hey, i was at a checkpoint between Canada and the US..Line wasn't too short. I imagine that once someone crossed the border checkpoint there would be no more need to check. (Just as today, Palestinians who cross into Israel through the checkpoints do not find an internal system of checkpoints in Israel.)

I am not belittling the hassles that checkpoints cause..or the harrassment that has occured at some of them.

I just think that it is important to understand that not all the problems are due to evil desires or racism..but stem from the situation at hand.
Comment by Geneva World Peace Festival on February 24, 2009 at 11:06pm
Dear Friends, I would like to speak with today's leaders of the Geneva Initiatives that are in Switzerland or in Middle-East. Thanks. Our e-mail:
Comment by Ramsey on February 2, 2009 at 2:12am
This certainly merits support and serious consideration. Any proposal, this being no exception, must address crucial issues, or allow for the eventuality of them being adddressed:

"The implementation of the Israel Option shall be at the Israeli sovereign discretion."

Does this mean that Israel could, theoritically, refuse to allow any refugees to settle in Israel?

Furthermore, there also needs to be guarantee of full equality of rights of all residents in Israel, so no more barriers to Palestinians using certain roads, hospitals, schools, owning land or whatever.

No mention is made of total freedom to move within each state, apart from the reference in the context of Jerusalem. Does this mean that there could still be checkpoints with Palestinians waiting in long queues?

Another concern lies in the multinational force, responsible for protecting the territorial integrity of the state of Palestine. This provision would have greater credibility if it also catered for the eventuality of a failure, no matter how isolated. i.e. if Palestinian territory were attacked, who would be responsible for repairing any resulting damage, funding such repair as well as the payment of any associated compensation?

The same question pertains to the eventuality of a failure to "prevent the entry of weapons or any materials into Palestine that are in contravention of the provisions of this agreement" resulting in an attack on Israel.

In essence, I suggest such an agreement could be considered as an "insurance policy", so the "insurers" and "underwriters" need to be specified, as well as the means of making any "claim" under that "policy". It could be viewed that any damage caused by an attack by one side on the other is partly the responsibility of the multinational force, as it represents a failure on their part in performing their duty.

This is absolutely vital in ensuring that any subsequent act of aggression does not result in another escalation of violence, reprisals, extra-judiciary executions, etc.

I must also confess to being alarmed by the line:
"Israel will be entitled to use Palestinian sovereign airspace for training purposes within limits under the supervision of the international force."

Why is this entitlement necessary at all?
This could be a recipe for disaster. There have been instances of members of the IDF taking the law into their own hands in the past. The possibility, no matter how slim, of an Isareli Airforce pilot 'on training' in Palestinian airspace carrying out an attack, is surely too hazardous to risk?
Comment by Clicia Pavan on January 31, 2009 at 8:48pm
Here ipeace me and all I can say
because every page,every image, group shows love and unity
Peace is what is in ipeace is an example that the world may be different
All together
Here is the whole world hand in hand forming a chain of love and peace
That is what the world needs, union
(Excuse me my English is bad)
Clicia Pavan
Comment by Clicia Pavan on January 31, 2009 at 8:13pm
Star of David shines throughout humanity It is the spirituality is contrasting with the material,violence against non-violence, diaspora x union, the love .. x odio Indeed evil is in the heart of man, not outside dele.Portanto the real change occurs only when the world see the man who is part of a much larger context .. and see how their brothers, and oh yes there will be change `` PEACE

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