Summary of the Geneva Initiative
The Geneva Initiative was concluded on the basis of the Middle East peace process, which began in Madrid in October 1991, the Declaration of Principles signed on September 13, 1993, the subsequent agreements as well as the permanent status negotiations, including the Camp David summit of July 2000, the Clinton Parameters declared in December 2000, and the Taba Negotiations of January 2001.
The two sides reiterate through this agreement their commitment to UN Security Council Resolutions 242, 338 and 1397 and confirm their understanding that this agreement is based on and will lead to the full implementation of these resolutions and will lead to the settlement of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in all its aspects.
The two sides reaffirm that this agreement constitutes the realization of President George W. Bush’s vision laid out in his June 24, 2002 speech, and phase III of the "Road Map" put together by the Quartet.
The two sides further declare that this agreement marks a historic reconciliation between Palestinians and Israelis and paves the way to reconciliation between the Arab world and Israel in accordance with the Arab Peace Initiative adopted by the Arab Summit meeting in Beirut on March 28, 2002, which aims at forging peace that contributes to securing stability, security, development and prosperity in the entire region.
The agreement recognizes the right of the Jewish and Palestinian peoples to statehood, without infringing upon the equal rights of all citizens of the two states.
The agreement ends the era of conflict and marks a new era based on peace, cooperation and neighborly relations between the two states. Furthermore, its implementation will lead to a settlement of all claims of both parties arising from events prior to its signing.
The two sides will set up a Palestinian-Israeli High Steering Committee on a ministerial level that guides, monitors and facilitates the implementation of this agreement on a bilateral level.
An international "Implementation and Verification Group" shall be established to facilitate, monitor and ensure the implementation of this agreement and to resolve disputes related to its execution. This group shall include the parties that comprise the Quartet as well as other parties, both regional and international to be agreed on by the two parties. This group shall work in coordination with the Palestinian-Israeli High Steering Committee and shall establish a dispute settlement mechanism comprising binding international arbitration.
In accordance with UN Resolutions 242 and 338, the border between the states of Palestine and Israel shall be based on the June 4, 1967 lines, with reciprocal modifications on a one to one basis as shown in the attached map. Moreover, the percentage of land exchange shall not exceed 2.3% of the West Bank area.
Both parties will respect and recognize each other’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, as well as the inviolability of each other’s territory, including territorial waters and airspace. Based on that, Israel shall withdraw to the border lines stipulated above, and the state of Palestine shall take over responsibility for these areas.
The state of Israel shall be responsible for resettling the Israelis living on sovereign Palestinian territory outside this territory and this resettlement process will end in accordance with a timetable that does not exceed 30 months. Moreover, Israel shall keep intact all evacuated settlements and the State of Palestine shall have exclusive title to all land, buildings, facilities, infrastructure or other property remaining in any of the settlements.
The Corridor between the West Bank and the Gaza Strip
The States of Palestine and Israel shall establish a corridor linking the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. This corridor shall be under Israeli sovereignty but under full Palestinian administration. It will be permanently open and Palestinian law shall apply to the persons using and procedures pertaining to this corridor. Moreover, the corridor may include the necessary infrastructural facilities linking the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
Israel and Palestine shall work together with their neighbors and the international community to build a secure and stable Middle East, free from weapons of mass destruction in the context of a comprehensive, lasting, and stable peace, characterized by reconciliation, goodwill and the renunciation of the use of force. To this end, the two parties shall work together to establish a regional security regime.
The parties reject violence and terrorism and refrain from any actions or policies that are liable to nurture extremism and create conditions conducive to terrorism. The parties shall take joint efforts as well as unilateral comprehensive and continuous efforts against all aspects of violence and terrorism. A trilateral security committee, composed of the two parties and the United States of America, will be set up to ensure the implementation of this Article.
Israel shall withdraw its military and security personnel and all equipment, including landmines and all military installations from the territory of the state of Palestine. The process of withdrawal will commence in stages immediately as the agreement comes into force, and ends within 30 months of that date.
The state of Palestine shall be non-militarized. A multinational force will be deployed to protect the territorial integrity of the state of Palestine and to monitor the implementation of the security provisions of the agreement.
The international territorial, maritime and air border crossings for the state of Palestine shall be subject to the monitoring of joint groups comprising the Palestinian Security Force and the Multi-National Force to prevent the entry of weapons or any materials into Palestine that are in contravention of the provisions of this agreement.
Israel may maintain an unseen presence in passenger and cargo terminals within the period of withdrawal (i.e. thirty months) in facilities staffed by members of the multi-national force and Israelis, utilizing appropriate technology.
Israel may maintain two early warning stations that can be removed by the decision of either party after 15 years. The Palestinian airspace will fall under Palestinian sovereignty and the civil aviation will be subject to international law. Israel will be entitled to use Palestinian sovereign airspace for training purposes within limits under the supervision of the international force.
The parties recognize the universal historic, religious, spiritual and cultural significance of Jerusalem and its holiness enshrined in Judaism, Christianity and Islam, and shall establish an inter-faith body consisting of representatives of the three monotheistic faiths to act as a consultative body to both parties on matters related to the religious significance of the city and the promotion of inter-faith understanding and dialogue.
Each party shall have its own capital in the areas of the city that are under its sovereignty. Each party shall recognize the other party’s capital. A border shall be established between the two parts of the city, similar to the rest of the Palestinian and Israeli territories, with special arrangements for cemeteries in both parts.
The Old City, al-Haram al-Sharif inclusive, shall remain under Palestinian sovereignty, with the exception of the Jewish quarter and the Wailing Wall, which shall be under Israeli sovereignty. The Old City shall be "open" for free movement inside it. The State of Palestine shall be responsible for maintaining security, and shall prevent digging and excavation in al-Haram al-Sharif. An international presence with the participation of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) shall be set up to monitor this Palestinian commitment.
The United Nations General Assembly Resolution 194, UN Security Council Resolution 242 and the Arab Peace Initiative concerning the rights of the Palestinian Refugees, shall constitute the basis for resolving the issue of refugees and the realization of their rights.
An International Commission shall be established to implement the article concerning the refugees. Palestinian refugees shall be entitled to express their choice of their permanent place of residence on the basis of free and informed decision in accordance with the following options: the State of Palestine, the areas that will be transferred to the State of Palestine within the context of land swap, third countries, the present Host Countries, or Israel.
Israel shall accept a number of refugees that will be calculated on the basis of the average accepted by third countries. The implementation of the Israel Option shall be at the Israeli sovereign discretion.
Refugees shall be entitled to compensation for their refugeehood and for loss of their property. This entitlement shall not prejudice or be prejudiced by the refugees' permanent place of residence.
Host countries of refugees shall also be entitled to remuneration.
Refugees shall be compensated for the loss of property resulting from their displacement, and Israel shall commit itself to paying all compensation arising therefrom.
Palestinian prisoners and detainees
In the context of this permanent status agreement between Israel and Palestine, the end of conflict, and the cessation of all forms of violence, all Palestinians and Arabs imprisoned and detained in the framework of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict prior to the date of the signature of this agreement, shall be released within a time limit of thirty months.
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